Ethnic and Foreign-Language Media Ethnic and foreign-language media has a long and storied history in the United States: Benjamin Franklin printed the first German-language Bible in the United States, in addition to widely available German hymnals and textbooks Pavlenko,
Humans have lived in the Americas for over ten thousand years. Dynamic and diverse, they spoke hundreds of languages and created thousands of distinct cultures. Native Americans built settled communities and followed seasonal migration patterns, maintained peace through alliances and warred with their neighbors, and developed self-sufficient economies and maintained vast trade networks.
They cultivated distinct art forms and spiritual values. Kinship ties knit their communities together. But the arrival of Europeans and the resulting global exchange of people, animals, plants, and microbes—what scholars benignly call the Columbian Exchange—bridged more than ten thousand years of geographic separation, inaugurated centuries of violence, unleashed the greatest biological terror the world had ever seen, and revolutionized the history of the world.
It began one of the most consequential developments in all of human history and the first chapter in the long American yawp. The First Americans American history begins with the first Americans.
But where do their stories start? Native Americans passed stories down through the millennia that tell of their creation and reveal the contours of indigenous belief. The Salinan people of present-day California, for example, tell of a bald eagle that formed the first man out of clay and the first woman out of a feather.
Archaeologists and anthropologists, meanwhile, focus on migration histories.
Twenty thousand years ago, ice sheets, some a mile thick, extended across North America as far south as modern-day Illinois. Between twelve and twenty thousand years ago, Native ancestors crossed the ice, waters, and exposed lands between the continents of Asia and America.
These mobile hunter-gatherers traveled in small bands, exploiting vegetable, animal, and marine resources into the Beringian tundra at the northwestern edge of North America.
DNA evidence suggests that these ancestors paused—for perhaps fifteen thousand years—in the expansive region between Asia and America.
Some ancestral communities migrated southward and eastward. Evidence found at Monte Verde, a site in modern-day Chile, suggests that human activity began there at least 14, years ago. Similar evidence hints at human settlement in the Florida panhandle at the same time. In the Northwest, Native groups exploited the great salmon-filled rivers.
On the plains and prairie lands, hunting communities followed bison herds and moved according to seasonal patterns.
In mountains, prairies, deserts, and forests, the cultures and ways of life of paleo-era ancestors were as varied as the geography. These groups spoke hundreds of languages and adopted distinct cultural practices. Rich and diverse diets fueled massive population growth across the continent.AMERICAN GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTING STANDARDS by James L.
Chan 1 Chapter 3 The History of American Government Accounting Reform INTRODUCTION The founding political philosophy and constitutional principles of government. metaphors used to describe immigrants and immigration policies.
With the change back to normal time from daylights savings time today, I thought it might be “time” to look back at a few metaphors about the changing of seasons and the amount of sunlight we enjoy in the summer and miss in the fall and winter.
Thinking Critically about American Political Culture Three important political values in American politics are liberty, equality, and democracy. Liberty means personal and economic freedom, both of which are closely linked to the idea of limited government.
Chapter 1: THE NATURE OF SCIENCE. Over the course of human history, people have developed many interconnected and validated ideas about the physical, biological, psychological, and social worlds.
America’s Global Image Remains More Positive than China’s Chapter 1.
Attitudes toward the United States. Overall, global attitudes toward America are positive. In the summer of , American officials launched the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a mutual defense pact in which the United States and Canada were joined by England, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Italy, Portugal, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland.