Early history In the midnd century BC, a sudden and short-lived climatic change that caused reduced rainfall resulted in several decades of drought in Upper Egypt. The resulting famine and civil strife is believed to have been a major cause of the collapse of the Old Kingdom. An account from the First Intermediate Period states, "All of Upper Egypt was dying of hunger and people were eating their children.
Eid ul-Fitr A rural congregation for Eid-al-Fitr prayers As the most important religious festival for the majority of Muslims, the celebration of Eid ul-Fitr has become a part of the culture of Bangladesh.
The government of Bangladesh declares the holiday for three days on Eid-ul Fitr. But practically, all schools, colleges and offices remain closed for a week.
This is the happiest time of the year for most of the people in Bangladesh. All outgoing public transport from the major cities have become highly crowded and in many cases the fares tend to rise in spite of government restrictions.
On Eid day, the Eid prayers are held all over the country, in open areas like fields, Eidgahs or inside mosques. Throughout the day people embrace each other and exchange greetings.
It is also customary for junior members of the society to touch the feet of the seniors, and seniors returning blessings sometimes with a small sum of money as a gift.
Money and food is donated to the poor. In the rural areas, the Eid festival is observed with great fanfare. Quiet remote villages become crowded. In some areas Eid fairs are arranged. Different types of games including boat racing, kabaddi, and other traditional Bangladeshi games, as well as modern games like cricket and football are played on this occasion.
The homes, streets, markets and parks are illuminated with lighting decorations in the evening. Watching movies and television programs has also become an integral part of the Eid celebration in urban areas.
All local TV channels air special program for several days for this occasion. Eid ul-Adha or Bakri Id is the second most important religious festival.
The celebration of this festival similar to Eid ul-Fitr in many ways. The only big difference is the Kurbani or sacrifice of domestic animals. Numerous temporary marketplaces of different sizes called hat operate in the big cities for sale of Qurbani animals usually cows, goats and sheep.
In the morning on the Eid day, immediately after the prayer, affluent people thank God for the animal, and then sacrifice it. Less affluent people also take part in the festivity by visiting houses of the affluent who are taking part in kurbani.
After the kurbani, a large portion of the meat is given to the poor people and to the relatives and neighbours.
Although the religious doctrine allows the sacrifice anytime over a period of three days starting from the Eid day, most people prefer to perform the ritual on the first day of Eid. However, the public holiday spans over three to four days.
Many people from the big cities go to their ancestral houses and homes in the villages to share the joy of the festival with friends and relatives. It is usually celebrated on 14 April. Poila Boishakh marks the start day of the crop season. Usually on Poila Boishakh, the home is thoroughly scrubbed and cleaned; people bathe early in the morning and dress in fine clothes.
They spend much of the day visiting relatives, friends, and neighbours and going to the fair. Fairs are arranged in many parts of the country where various agricultural products, traditional handicrafts, toys, cosmetics, as well as various kinds of food and sweets are sold.
The fairs also provide entertainment, with singers, dancers and traditional plays and songs. Horse races, bull races, bull-fights, cock-fights, flying pigeons, and boat racing were once popular. All gatherings and fairs consist a wide spread of Bengali food and sweets.
Students and teachers of the institute take out a colourful procession and parade to round the campus. Social and cultural organisations celebrate the day with cultural programmes. Newspapers bring out special supplements. There are also special programmes on radio and television. Prior to this day, special discounts on clothes, furniture, electronics and various deals and shopping discounts are available.
Special line of saree, usually cotton, white sarees with red print and embroidery is sold before this day as everyone dresses up for this day.Bangladesh shares a common Bengali culture, language and history with its neighbors in the nearby Indian state of West Bengal.
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Food, history, and traditions all combine to make up the unique cultures around the world. The ability to talk about culture is an important skill for ESL students. Alam is an internationally recognised and award-winning photojournalist, teacher and activist, and has been imprisoned after speaking out on recent student protests in Bangladesh.
National animal of India is the Royal Bengal Tiger. This essay provides some interesting information on tiger.
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(June ). - The History and Culture of Bangladesh Bangladesh came to existence in when Bengali East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan. It is located in southern Asia bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India.