Overview[ edit ] Definitions of complexity often depend on the concept of a confidential " system " — a set of parts or elements that have relationships among them differentiated from relationships with other elements outside the relational regime. Many definitions tend to postulate or assume that complexity expresses a condition of numerous elements in a system and numerous forms of relationships among the elements.
The largest study to date, Cook et al. While only 64 papers 0. A later analysis by Legates et al. The second part Rethinking distribution adaptive channels Cook et al. Every major scientific organization disagrees with the list. This is misleading since only a very small minority of scientists have actually expressed a position on AGW from these organizations.
Policy statements release by a handful of council members or signed by just the president of a scientific organization can speak for no one other than these few scientists.
It is disingenuous to imply that the membership bodies in some cases hundreds of thousands of members of these scientific organizations which have never voted to approve such statements can be used in support of them.
Many members join scientific organizations for free access to organizational resources or discounts on journals and meetings. They may have little to no interest in the organization's policy positions.
Without a comprehensive survey or poll of every member's position in relation to these organization's policy statements no meaningful conclusions can be drawn. The list does not define low climate sensitivity.
The list does not present a scientific argument. The list is a bibliographic resource not a scientific argument. The purpose of the list is to show that peer-reviewed papers exist that support skeptic arguments and to be used as a bibliographic resource to locate these papers.
The list has been cherry picked. The list has been debunked, discredited or refuted.
The list has never been debunked, discredited or refuted, as all known criticisms of this list have been rebutted. The existence of a criticism does not make it true, as invalid criticisms of the list have been repeatedly shown to be based on lies, misinformation or strawman arguments.
In all cases, these long refuted criticisms are now years old and have no relation to the current revision of the list. Whenever a clarification or correction was made for a legitimate issue these have always been insignificant and they have never affected the list count or changed its purpose.
The list has broken links.
Anyone with an elementary knowledge of the Internet knows that links can break at any time for various reasons. Unfortunately certain journals are apparently unable to hire competent web masters who know how to properly migrate URLs when reorganizing their websites - this problem is out of our control.
Regardless, the full citation is provided so there is no excuse about not being able to locate a paper using a search engine like Google.
When this list was first created the DOI system was incredibly slow and unreliable but since that time performance and reliability has improved to a point that we feel comfortable using them.
The list has not been peer-reviewed. The list is a bibliographic resource not a scholarly paper, meta-analysis or systematic review. Bibliographic resources are not peer-reviewed but curated by an editor.
They are used as aids in locating information, in this case peer-reviewed papers supporting skeptic arguments. The list uses "weasel words". Qualifiers are not "weasel words", but an accepted method by the scientific community to express a level of confidence.
Rejection of the use of qualifiers would mean rejection of the IPCC reports and the use of such terms as "consensus". The list's title implies the papers were written to support skeptic arguments. This is false, as the word "written" is specifically not used in the title.
Correct definitions of these words to the actual context they are used here can be found in the " Definitions " section of the list. While hundreds of the papers on the list were written by skepticsall of the papers are only claimed to have been or can be referenced to support a skeptic argument against Alarmism.
All climate related papers not on the list endorse AGW. While there are thousands of climate related papers in the scholarly literature only a small percentage of them even mention "Anthropogenic Global Warming" AGW let alone explicitly endorse it.
Studies such as Cook et al.JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. where u is a standard strictly increasing, strictly concave utility function and δ is the household’s discount factor..
illustrates, there are two specific sets of circumstances (with different policy implications) where the (private) household will not avail of potentially profitable adaptation opportunities.
The essential tech news of the moment. Technology's news site of record. Not for dummies. Outstanding AP, high quality, solid connections so far. Does what it's supposed to and well. The only reason I didn't give it 5 stars is the support/documentation is light and there is a certain level of "polish" missing (broken English in places, comments in online documentation, etc).
HP needs weeks to ship additional TouchPads, according to a leaked email sent to customers. HP is prepping one last run for its defunct tablet.
Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two. Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs..
For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get .