A musical composition has a structure; a sentence has a structure etc. In all these we find an ordered arrangement of different parts. A structure can be called a building only when these parts or components are arranged in relationship with the other. In the same manner society has its own structure called social structure.
It is not concerned with people as individuals, in groups, or in the organizations forming the society, nor the ultimate goal of their relationships.
Rather, social structure deals with the organization of their relationships: Thus, the concept of social structure assumes that human social relationships are not arbitrary or coincidental, but rather they follow certain patterns that can be identified.
Social structure is the institutional framework that makes for order in repetitive, rhythmic whether daily, weekly, or yearly interactions among people.
The key to the social structure of a society lies in understanding its social institutions and their intertwining combinations. Social institutions provide the order necessary to make social structure possible.
Both "micro-structure" and "macro-structure" can be found within social structure. Micro-structure is the pattern of relations among the basic elements of social life that cannot be further divided and have no social structure of their own i.
Development of Social Structure There is no agreement on how different types of social structure develop.
Generally, social structures form hierarchies or networks. The differences between these types of social structure are related to the notion of "social stratification," i.
Social structure refers to the way a society is organized. It is about the way that various parts of society fit together and work together. Different scholars identify differen elements of a. Social structure is the organized set of social institutions and patterns of institutionalized relationships that together compose society. Social structure is both a product of social interaction and directly determines it. Social structures are not immediately visible to the untrained observer. Social structure is the distinctive, stable system of social relations that exists in any human society. It is not concerned with people as individuals, in groups, or in the organizations forming the society, nor the ultimate goal of their .
The social treatment of persons within the social structure is then related to their placement within the various social strata. In the hierarchical structures, stratification is vertical, with higher levels valued more than lower ones.
There are those mostly American who claim that hierarchical social structures develop naturally. They suggest that such structures may be caused by larger system needs, such as the need for labor, management, professional, and military classesor by conflicts among groups, such as competition among political parties or among different social classes.
Others, mainly in Europe hold that this structuring is not the result of natural processes, but that it is socially constructed. It may have been created by those in power seeking to retain their power, or by economic systems that place emphasis upon monopoly and competition or cooperation and sharing.
The second type of structure is that of a network: There is no "alpha male" at the top of the heap; there is not even any concept of higher and lower. In contrast to the "mechanical" solidarity of hierarchical social structure, noted for generally repressive and punitive legal systems, Emile Durkheim introduced the term "organic" solidarity to describe societies based on the network model, where law is generally restitutive.
This type of structure is likened to the anatomy of a living body, where all social institutions are interdependent and these connections are what naturally impose constraints and goals on each other.
In understanding social structures and social changes, there appeared several schools of thought, two main examples being Structuralismand Functionalism.
Structuralism Structuralism was introduced into sociology by Claude Levi-Strauss originally from the linguistic theories of Ferdinand de Saussure. This view favors deterministic structural forms that define forces over the ability of individual people to act. Just as languages are structured by rules governing their elements that native speakers follow almost unconsciously, so societies are seen as being structured according to underlying rules.
Thus, it might be argued that the structural view comes close to "mathematization" of a given object. Each given culture forms the world according to different structures of meaning. Structures studied by Strauss and others include patterns of kinship, mythsreligionand various cultural customs related to everyday life.
Just as linguistic structuralism claimed that "deep structures" exist in the grammars of all languages, Strauss claimed that social structures originate from the deep structures of the human mind and thus reflect universals in human thinking.
This approach was developed in relation to social structure by Radcliffe-Brown and Talcott Parsons.
Radcliffe-Brown regarded the system of human interactions as central in a functionalist approach to society. Society is seen as a system of organized parts or components of the whole, each dependent on the others and integrated into the whole.
These parts are individual persons who participate in social life, occupying a certain status within the system.
The individual is in turn controlled by norms or patterns.Social organization based on established patterns of social interaction between different relationships (such as those between parents and children, teachers and students, employers and employees), regulated through accepted norms and shared values.
Social structure is an abstract and intangible phenomenon Individuals is the units of association and institutions are the units of social structure.
These institutions and associations are inter-related in a particular arrangement and thus create the pattern of social structure.
(Note that the term "social structure" can be used in at least two important senses: first, as a causally operative institutional complex (the state or the market as causal social structures), and second, as a description of facets of the organization of society (demographic structure, urban-rural structure, structure of race and ethnicity.
Social Structure – Meaning, Elements and Types! Social structure is the basic concept for the proper understanding of society. Herein we propose to give a somewhat detailed view of the important concept of social structure.
Social structure: Social structure, in sociology, the distinctive, stable arrangement of institutions whereby human beings in a society interact and live together.
Social structure is often treated together with the concept of social change, which deals with forces that change the social structure and the organization of society. Social structure, in sociology, the distinctive, stable arrangement of institutions whereby human beings in a society interact and live together.
Social structure is often treated together with the concept of social change, which deals with the forces that change the social structure and the organization of society.