Fascism and National Socialism are often mistaken for being one and the same thing. Yes, these ideologies did have a lot in common, yet some of the differences are substantial.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. These two political systems had some common feasters and also some differences.
There were many similarities between these two parties. Firstly, Nazism and Fascism both adopted a one-party dictatorship.
In both countries, all other political parties except themselves were illegal. The Nazi Party and Fascist Party had absolute control over all aspects of life in Germany and Italy at that time respectively.
Secondly, the both parties did not tolerate any opposition. They both suppressed the opposition. Secret police forces, for example the SA and SS of Nazism and the Blackshirts of Fascism, were set up to arrest opponents, the opponents were then imprisoned, murdered or sent to the concentration camps.
Thirdly, the both parties were anti-communism and anti-democratic. The both parties did not believe in parliamentary rule that the cabinets and universal suffrage were abolished under their rule. Finally, these two parties both adopted an expansionist and aggressive foreign policy.
The Nazis believed that Germany had to expand in order to win Lebensraum; and the Fascist believed that wars would bring them glory. The Nazis and Fascists both believed in war and territorial expansion. However, there were some differences between Nazism and Fascism. Firstly, they had different attitudes towards race.
The Nazis believed that the Germans, who belonged to the Aryan race, were superior to all other races while the Jews were the most inferior. Comparing with Nazism, Fascism did not have any ideas of racial superiority and there was no persecution of other races.
Secondly, the two parties had some differences in economic policy. The corporate state was based on the idea that the state was like one complete body and all limbs and organs should work for the benefit of the whole and there should be no opposition or disobedience. Finally, they had different attitude towards position of the peasants.
The German peasants were well-treated by the Nazis but the Fascists had little faith in the peasants. As a conclusion, the Nazi Party and the Fascist Party had a lot of similarities among themselves, and due to their similarities, they were allied with each other to form the Axis Power in the Second World War later on.
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